Swimming Pool Cleaning Tools – The Essentials


It can be pretty daunting when you first buy a house with a pool, or have a pool installed. There is little else to compare cleaning a pool to as it is a totally different method of cleaning to the way you clean most other things and swimming pool cleaning tools are too.

What swimming pool cleaning tools do you need is an important question asked by most new swimming pool owners. Cleaning a pool is not rocket science but you will need some essential swimming pool cleaning equipment to maintain it properly and keep it clean.

Basic swimming pool cleaning equipment you will need to start with:

  • Vacuum head
  • Vacuum hose
  • Telescopic pole
  • Skimmer net
  • Pool brush

I inherited a few old bits and pieces of pool cleaning tools when I bought my current house 8 years ago in Fuerteventura and quickly realized why the previous owner left them. They were awful and/or broken so I set about building up a collection of new tools. Some of the pool cleaning tools I bought were good while others were not so good.

Hopefully the following advice may save you making the same mistakes.

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Essential swimming pool cleaning tools list

Manual pool vacuum head

A beginners essential swimming pool cleaning equipment guide - vacuum head

A pool vacuum head is one of the most important pool cleaning tools as it is this you will use to remove the dirt from the bottom of the pool.

I actually have a few different vacuum heads that I have accumulated over the years and each has its particular uses (for example one I have is very good for vacuuming into the 90º corners). But to start off you can just buy one good all-rounder. Fortunately they are not too expensive so you can buy more than one in time.

A good all rounder is the Milliard Sea-Thru Triangle Weighted Pool and Spa Vacuum Head. It has a two size vacuum port so will fit both 1½ and 1¼ inch hoses and will fit most pool poles.

Pool vacuum hose

It is probably pretty obvious but you will need a vacuum hose that will reach from the skimmer (or the dedicated vacuum inlet if you have one) to the point of your pool floor that is further away from it. See What length pool vacuum hose do I need?

What equipment do I need to clean my pool?

Ideally it should be a few feet longer than that distance so that it doesn’t get pulled tight as this could potentially pull the hose out of the skimmer or from the vacuum head. My first hose was only just long enough. More than once I was vacuuming at the far end and wondering why it wasn’t picking up the dirt before I looked over and saw the other end of the tube floating out of the skimmer!

One of the most popular ranges is the U.S. Pool Supply vacuum hoses. They can be bought in lengths from 25ft to 40ft and have a swivel fitting to stop the hose becoming kinked as you vacuum. The U.S. Pool Supply 1-1/2″ x 40 Foot Professional Heavy Duty Spiral Wound Swimming Pool Vacuum Hose with Swivel Cuff will certainly cover most pools and is available on Amazon.

Telescopic pool pole

Although this may seem a pretty simple thing so you may think you may as well buy a cheap one, think again. All telescopic poles are not equal.

What equipment do I need to clean my pool? telescopic vacuum pole

The first one I bought was at the lower end of the price scale. It seemed good value and worked ok for a short while. Then it became a pain as the mechanism that locks the two poles together began to loosen frequently. So I would be pushing the vacuum along the bottom of the pool and suddenly, instead of the vacuum head moving, the upper pole I was holding would slide into the bottom pole. Once or twice this caught me unaware and I almost toppled over into the pool!

Ideally you want one that is long enough for you to easily reach the halfway point from the side of the pool without you needing to bend. So when you buy one, buy a pretty decent one. It will last many years so you will get value from it. I now use this JED pool tools 16ft pole which is available on Amazon and have had no problems with it. You can also buy a package containing a pole, brush, skimmer net and a brush on this link.

You may find that you need more than one otherwise you will be swapping the heads from a pool brush to a skimmer net and then to a vacuum head. But you can make do with just one to start with and put up with the switching. At some stage you will probably end up with one pole for each of these though.

Pool skimmer net

You will need a skimmer net so that you can remove any leaves, insects and other debris that may be floating on the surface of the pool. They are also useful for picking up any leaves etc that may have sunk to the bottom of the pool.

Stargoods pool skimmer net
Stargoods pool skimmer net

There are many different types of skimmer nets available but my advice would be to buy one that has a tapered front edge (sometimes called a leaf rake) so that you can scoop up the debris without just pushing it along the bottom. This is also help to stop disturbing fine dirt on the bottom when you do it.

If you have trees etc close to the pool that may drop very fine debris such as pollen onto the surface of your pool then ensure you buy one with a fine mesh. Otherwise any fine debris will just pass through the net and stay in the pool.

I now use this Stargoods Pool Skimmer Net which has a fine mesh and a very effective leaf rake on the front edge.

Pool Brush

A pool brush is used primarily to brush the sides of the pool to remove dirt and any algae before you vacuum the bottom of the pool. You also use them on the rungs of a pool ladder.

Blue Devil Pool Wall Brush Deluxe

There isn’t that much to say about pool brushes really. Most have a similar design with the ends of the brush tapering upwards to make getting into corners a little easier.

A very popular low cost basic brush is the Blue Devil Pool Wall Brush Deluxe.

A fairly new type of brush, which I confess I haven’t tried yet, has what they refer to as a tail but what I would describe as a wing. This it is claimed increases pressure on the brush against the pool wall by up to 10x. It is the Wall Whale Classic Swimming Pool Brush.

Other cleaning items that make life easier

Now you have the essential swimming pool cleaning tools you may want to consider some other equipment.

Robotic pool cleaners

These are the holy grail of pool cleaning equipment. They are something many people with pools would like but generally can’t justify the cost. If you can afford one then you will never regret buying one as it takes all of the effort out of keeping a pool clean. You just put them in the pool, switch them on and leave them to it.

There are no trailing vacuum hoses that need plugging into the filter system. All the debris is held within the cleaner and emptied when you remove the cleaner from the pool. Most robotic cleaners can even climb the walls and clean them.

If you want to skip all of the time-consuming effort of manually cleaning your pool right from the get go then go right ahead and buy one.

A beginners essential swimming pool cleaning equipment guide

One of the most popular mid-range robotic cleaner is the Dolphin Nautilus CC Plus Automatic Robotic Pool Cleaner.

Automatic pool cleaners

These are a vacuum cleaner which attaches to the vacuum hose as normal but which moves around the bottom of the pool using the water flow to drive it in a random pattern. I have one and it does a pretty good job, particularly if I leave it long enough. It does tend to miss the odd patch but that isn’t too much of a problem.

XtremepowerUS Automatic Suction Vacuum-generic Climb Wall Pool Cleaner

They will not climb walls or steps though and as my pool has two steps between the shallow and the deep end it just cleans the deep end. It does do a brilliant job of cleaning the edges between the wall and the pool bottom – better than I can do with the manual vacuum head.

If you have a single depth pool or one with a slope then it should be able to clean all of your pool.

I have a slightly earlier version of the XtremepowerUS Automatic Suction Vacuum-generic Climb Wall Pool Cleaner which may well cope with steps now. It comes complete with its own 30ft vacuum hose so is quite good value really.

I find it quite fascinating watching it work actually. When it gets to a corner or a wall it stops and then gradually changes direction in a random way. It almost seems like it is thinking about where to go next! You can see what I mean in my video below:

Buy a floating skimmer

If you have lots of debris in your pool, particularly if you have trees near your pool like I do so you are constantly removing leaves, and which your skimmers struggle to deal with then you may wish to look at adding a floating skimmer to help out.

These devices are solar powered and move around on the surface of the pool under their own power collecting debris as they go. You just need to take it out and empty it now and again (as you do a skimmer basket).

It saves you having to use the skimmer net so often and because it moves around it can collect debris before it gets waterlogged and sinks to the bottom, particularly when the pool pump is off so the skimmers are not skimming.

There are two popular models available:

Solar Breeze

The Solar Breeze removes 90-95% of surface debris as well as reducing the amount of dust, leaves, pollen and bacteria. It also has a chemical dispensing tray which can take two three inch tablets/pucks so it distributes chemicals as it goes.

The solar Breeze is available on Amazon

https://youtu.be/8xodXQGI2_Y
Solar Breeze Video

Aquamoto Skimbot 2021 Robotic Solar Powered Pool Cleaner

Aquamoto Skimbot 2021 Robotic Solar Powered Pool Cleaner

The Aquamoto Skimbot 2021 Robotic Solar Powered Pool Cleaner removes 90-95% of surface debris as well as reducing the amount of dust, leaves, pollen and bacteria.

It has an intelligent on-boarded navigation system which maps the water surface and targets dirty areas. You can also control it through an iOS or an Android app on your phone.

The Aquamoto Skimbot 2021 is available on Amazon

Step and corner vacuum brush

step and corner pool brush

I have one of these because, as I said above, I have two steps in my pool between the shallow and deep end. This makes the step in the middle difficult to clean with the normal vacuum head. This little brush attaches to the vacuum pole and hose like the vacuum head and can get into all of the awkward corners.

They are very cheap so worth buying. Mine is the Aquatix Pro Pool Step & Corner Vacuum Brush but I am sure the others work just as well.

Pool pole hangers

pool pole hangers

Ideally you do not want to leave your pole vacuum poles etc lying on the ground where they can get dirty and damaged. It is far better to hang them up on a fence or a wall near the pool so they are always to hand.

I just bought some tool hangers from a local hardware store and screwed those to my fence but now you can buy purpose built hangers such as the MENG ZHI 4 PCS Set Pool Pole Hangers. They do the same job but do look better than mine I must admit.

Above ground pool cleaning kits

above ground pool cleaning tools

If you have an above ground pool you can buy kits designed for cleaning them. The most popular of these is made by the biggest above ground pool manufacturer, Intex.

The kit includes a vacuum head, skimmer net and a 94″ telescoping aluminum pole. It attaches to a garden hose and the debris is collected in a reusable debris bag. You can buy the Intex Basic Pool Maintenance Kit for Above Ground Pools on Amazon.

Can I clean my own pool or should I use a pool service?

Cleaning a pool is not rocket science – although there is a little science involved when it comes to adding chemicals!

It is well within the capability of most homeowners to maintain a swimming pool themselves provided you can devote a little time to learning how to do it. Most of it is just practice. As time goes by it becomes second nature and you can become quite efficient at it.

If you really don’t feel that confident then you could get in a professional pool cleaning service initially and watch what they do. Then you could try it yourself. But frankly, that really isn’t necessary. I watched Youtube videos and asked friends who had pools if I became stuck.

Hopefully this article and the others in the series will explain pool maintenance for beginners. Read how to clean dirt from the bottom of a pool to get an idea.

Related questions

Do swimming pools add value to a home?

Provided it is a nice, well maintained pool then in the right area it does add value to a home. In Arizona for example it is more desirable, or even essential, to have one than in upstate New York. It may not add as much as it costs to install it though.

If you want one, and you can afford it, then don’t worry too much. The pleasure you and your family will get from it will be worth it whether it is a good investment or not.

Oddly, it can make your house harder to sell in some ways. Quite a large proportion of buyers might see a pool as an expensive luxury they can do without so might not be interested in your house for that reason.

Does the Fire Department fill swimming pools?

An odd but often asked question. No, the fire department do not fill pools (they have better things to do). If you do not want to use a hose (or perhaps cannot due to local regulations) then you will need to employ the services of a water tanker company to bring it to you. Ensure that the water they bring is potable (fit for drinking and swimming).

I stand corrected – someone I know in Minnesota just had her pool filled by the local volunteer fire department so it seems that, at least in some areas, the fire department will do this.

Pool Maintenance Course

When I first bought my house with a pool I knew nothing about how to clean and maintain it. I was recommended Swim University’s Pool Care Handbook so I bought it and have never regretted it. It was probably the best money I spent that year as I have saved thousands by dong it myself.

Pool care handbook

Other articles

Once you have bought your essential swimming pool cleaning tools you will need to learn how to use them These guides may help:

How to backwash a pool – easy step by step guide

How to bleed air from a pool pump

How often should I vacuum my pool?

How do pool vacuums work?

How to clean dirt from the bottom of a pool

JP in Fuerteventura

I have had hot tubs for many years and a pool for the last 7 years. I had to learn how to clean it, maintain it and fix it the hard way. Since then I have helped many friends and neighbors with their pools and now I want to share everything I have learned with you.

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