I gave very little thought as to when to run my pool pump when I first had my pool and just let the timer run as it had been set by the previous home owner. Since then I have investigated the subject further and made some adjustments.
There are many points of view as to the best time of day to run a pool pump. Some say it should be during the day while others say it is better at night. Each has its merits but there is no absolute winner but this is how to decide.
The best time of day to run a pool pump is during the day in the summer to keep the pool surface clear of bugs and debris and overnight during the winter when swimming will not be taking place when electricity prices may be lower.
I will try to make things a bit clearer so you can make up your own mind about the best time for you.
Is it better to run a pool pump at night or day?
Running a pump in the daytime
The arguments for running the pool pump during the day are mainly as follows:
- Algae grows quickest when the sun is at its strongest so it makes absolute sense to run the pool pump when the sun is at its strongest, ie. during the period over midday. So if you need to run the pump for 8 hours each day to ensure the total volume is filtered then you should run the pump from 8am to 4pm.
- The pump operates the skimmers, which, in turn, remove all of the floating debris such as leaves and insects. So ideally you want the skimmers to be working at a time you are likely to be swimming otherwise you will be getting all sorts in your mouth while swimming.
- The UV in sunlight degrades chlorine so there is a larger demand for it during daylight hours. Running the pump helps to stop this happening by dispersing it around the pool. This saves money on chemicals which running at night would not.
Running the pump at night
There is really only one argument for running the pool pump at night rather than in the daytime and that is all about saving money. Many countries, states or areas give cheaper electricity at certain times of day, generally at non-peak times when electricity demand is lower. This is normally during the night.
The electricity rates can be as little as 25% of the peak electricity rates in some countries. Some electricity suppliers have three tier rates which includes a “shoulder” period between low and peak rate hours. Electricity is cheaper than the peak rate but higher than the off-peak rate then.
So if you run your pool pump during those hours then your electricity bills will be lower. But you should balance this with the reasons to run the pump during the day which may well outweigh this benefit.
You can call your electricity supply to find out if you are eligible for cheaper electricity at certain hours, and to find out how much cheaper, so you can work out how much you are likely to save.
So what is best?
Since the above all have their merits then there may be good reasons for you to run your pump both during the day or the night. So perhaps it would be best to compromise. It may be feasible for you to consider running the pump for half the time it needs to run daily during the middle of the day, when the sun is at its hottest, say 10am to 2pm, and the other half of the time at night, say 1am to 5am.
It is easy to experiment so to work out what is the best time of day to run a pool pump in your situation, try some different settings on your timer. You will soon find out what works best for you.
What do I do?
I do not receive discounted electricity at night so trying to save money by doing some nocturnal pumping is not an option. I generally run my pump from around 10am to 6pm in summer. This works well for us as we tend to swim in late afternoon most days during our swimming season, which runs from March to November now that we have a solar pool cover. These are my thoughts on having a solar pool cover.
In the winter I normally reduce the time to around 5 hours and run it from 11am until 4pm which saves some electricity while still filtering the water.
Is it OK to run pool pump 24 hours a day?
Yes it certainly is and in an ideal world that would be the case. If you could run it 24/7 year round then that would certainly keep your pool as clean as it could be.
But for most people this isn’t really practical as the cost would be prohibitive and actually the pool pump would wear out quicker so replacing it would be another additional cost.
For more information then check out my article “Should a pool pump run continuously“.
How long should I run my above ground pool pump?
There is no real difference between running an above ground and an in ground pool pump. In both cases they should be run for long enough to circulate the entire volume of water in your pool. Many above ground pools are smaller than in ground pools so the volume is likely to be lower. However, quite often, the above ground pumps have a lower flow rate so may well need to run for a similar amount of time.
Whether you run the above ground pump during the day or at night follows exactly the same criteria as in the earlier section.
How long should I run my pool pump in the winter?
This depends on the climate you live in.
If you live in a temperate region, where temperatures do not drop below freezing, there is no danger of the water in your pool and pipework freezing. In this case you can let it run every day to circulate the water. This is true for where I live so I run it for less hours in winter. Normally this is around 5 hours which I find is sufficient to stop algae forming so I don’t end up with a green pool to deal with. Obviously I also add chemicals to prevent algae too.
If you live in a cold region where freezing temperatures are frequent then things become a little more complicated. If you just leave the pump on a timer and the water in your pipes freezes then you pump will probably be damaged. In this case it is better to put the pump on and off manually when the temperatures are a bit higher.
Do you have to run pool pump in winter?
If you do not run the pool pump in winter then in all likelihood you will have a very dirty and green pool to deal with in the spring when you open the pool. This is not the end of the world but does require more work to get it ready for swimming of course. You may think that the money saved in not running the pump is worth it so that is a decision for you.
In a very cold climate you will probably need to drain the pool pipework, and perhaps the pool too, to stop damage caused by the swelling of the pool water when it freezes. In this case you have no option but not to run the pump.
My top 3 pool cleaning tools
These are the pool cleaning tools I have found the most useful since I have had my pool.
Step and corner vacuum brush
This is a really useful tool for getting into the areas that a standard vacuum head simply cannot reach. Aquatix Pro Pool Step & Corner Vacuum Brush
Leaf rake net
If, like me, you get plenty of leaves at the bottom on your pool then a good leaf rake/net is a must. The Stargoods Pool Skimmer Net gets under the leaves easily.
Robotic Pool Cleaner
These are quite expensive and it was a number of years before I bit the bullet and bought one. I have never regretted it. The Dolphin Nautilus CC Plus is the most recommended on all of the pool forums.