Indoors or out, public or privately owned, chances are that the pool you’re swimming in is cleaned and disinfected with chlorine. Maintaining proper chlorine levels requires careful measuring and testing. But what happens if you accidentally add too much chlorine? Is it still safe to swim?
It can be unsafe to swim in a pool with too much chlorine. It can cause skin, eye, and lung irritation. A safe level of chlorine, 1-5 ppm, should not cause health concerns, but extremely high levels of chlorine can be dangerous. Steps should be taken to reduce the chlorine level in the pool before swimming.
You may have thought you were properly maintaining your pool by adding chlorine regularly. But what happens when you accidentally add too much? How do you know if the pool has too much? Hint: you can’t tell by the smell. Knowing the proper chlorine levels can keep you safe during this fun summertime activity.
Is it dangerous to swim in a pool with too much chlorine?
Chlorine is one of the most commonly used chemicals to disinfect pool water and is necessary to keep swimmers safe from germs in the water. Too much chlorine may irritate your eyes and can strip natural oils from your hair and skin, causing them to dry out.
Symptoms of too much chlorine
If you go swimming in a pool with too much chlorine, it can affect your body in different ways. The higher the concentration of chlorine, the more severe your reaction may be.
Here are some symptoms to look out for:
- Itchy, irritated eyes
- Skin redness
- Dry or itchy skin
- Rash or hives
- Irritation to the respiratory tract
In rare instances, an extremely over-chlorinated pool may cause chlorine poisoning. Some signs to watch out for include:
- Watery eyes and blurry vision
- Coughing, wheezing, or difficulty breathing
- Tightness or dull pain in the chest
- Pain or burning in the eyes, nose, or throat
- Nausea or vomiting
Most reactions to chlorine are mild and will disappear within a day. If you are in pain or discomfort, it may smart to get checked out by a healthcare professional.
Can you be allergic to chlorine?
The good news is that you cannot be allergic to chlorine. However, you may be sensitive to it. Sensitivity is more likely to occur with longer-term exposure to chlorine. For example, lifeguards or competitive swimmers may develop skin sensitivity or have an increased risk of developing asthma.
Reducing your reaction to chlorine in your pool
There are ways to minimize or prevent your reaction to chlorinated water.
- Rinse it off!
After swimming, be sure to shower to rinse the chlorine off your skin.
- Nourish dry skin.
Moisturizer can also help prevent dry or irritated skin.
- Protect your hair.
Rinsing your hair will decrease dryness and help stop it from turning green.
- Wear goggles.
If the pool water irritates your eyes, wearing goggles may help. After swimming, try some saline or lubricating eye drops to rinse the chlorine from them.
Safeguarding your eyes from exposure to chlorine and removing any traces of it from your body post-swim are important steps in reducing potential reaction.
Importance of testing chlorine levels in your pool
If you own a pool, you know the importance of testing the water regularly. Checking the water is the only way to know if it has the proper chlorine level. There are signs, such as the water color or smell, that let you know your pool needs some chemicals added. But without testing, there is no way to know the exact levels.
Strong pool smell
A pool that smells like chlorine may have you wondering if it has been over-chlorinated.
In fact, the opposite is true. What you are smelling is not chlorine, but a chemical compound called chloramine. Chloramine occurs from a mixture of chlorine with sweat, dirt, or urine from swimmers. Unhygienic behavior – such as peeing in the pool or not showering first – causes the available chlorine to be used up quickly. Proper hygiene is critical for maintaining a healthy pool.
If you can smell the chlorine in a pool, it is a sign that the water could need more chlorine, not less.
Adding more chlorine will eliminate the chlorinates that cause the smell. A properly maintained pool should have no odor at all.
Safe levels of chlorine
Chlorine works to disinfect the water in the pool. It keeps us safe by killing many types of germs. But in order to work, the proper amount of chlorine is needed. Use either a liquid test kit or test strips to help determine the amount of chlorine in your pool.
Besides chlorine, test kits and strips will determine other levels in your pool. A pool is balanced when all are within their proper levels.
|Chemical||Ideal Range||Acceptable Range|
|Chlorine||2-4 ppm||1-5 ppm|
|Total Alkalinity||80-100 ppm||60-120 ppm|
|Calcium Hardness||200-400 ppm||150-1000 ppm|
How much chlorine is too much?
There are times you will need to raise the chlorine level higher than usual to superchlorinate it. This process is done to remove algae, bacteria, and chloramine. When a pool is superchlorinated, the chlorine level is raised to between 10 ppm and 20 ppm. These levels are unsafe to swim in and can burn or irritate your skin and eyes.
When the chlorine level is above the acceptable range of 5 ppm, it’s best to wait before swimming.
Sometimes, waiting a short while is all that is needed for the chlorine level to drop down to a safer range. Other times, you may need to take steps to lower the level of chlorine before entering the pool again.
How to lower chlorine in a pool
If the chlorine level in your pool has gotten too high, you may need to work to bring the level down. There are several things you can do.
Stop chlorinating the pool
It may seem like common sense, but it is one thing for you to check. While you are trying to lower the level, make sure no sources are adding more chlorine. This includes chlorinators and floating chlorine dispensers.
Leave the pool uncovered
A bright sunny day can help to lower the level of chlorine quickly. The ultraviolet in sunlight breaks apart the chlorine and releases it. While the hot summer sun is a significant cause for needing more chlorine, you can use that to your advantage while trying to lower the level. So if you have a solar pool cover then leave it off and after a few hours, test the water to measure the chlorine level.
Draining some of the water from your pool and adding fresh water can help dilute the amount of chlorine. This may work if your chlorine level is elevated only slightly. If it is very high, this may not be an option because of the amount of water needed.
Add chlorine neutralizer or other chemicals
If you are looking to reduce the chlorine level quickly, you can add chemicals to your pool to help. A chlorine neutralizer works effectively and rapidly. If the chlorine level is very high, you may need to add a second dose.
Common chlorine neutralizers are sodium thiosulfate and hydrogen peroxide.
Wait until the chlorine level of your pool is safe again
After working to lower the level of chlorine in your pool, is the water safe?
Before entering the pool, be sure to test the water to ensure the chlorine is at an acceptable level. You may need to wait longer for the chlorine to reach a safer level.
If you have added a chlorine neutralizer or other chemical, it is especially important to give it time to work. When your pool chlorine measures between 1 ppm and 5 ppm, it is safe for swimming again.
Pool Maintenance Course
When I first bought my house with a pool I knew nothing about how to clean and maintain it. I was recommended Swim University’s Pool Care Handbook so I bought it and have never regretted it. It was probably the best money I spent that year as I have saved thousands by doing it myself.