It is a common mistake to put too much algaecide in a pool. When pool owners see that green, yellow, or brown slime infesting their pristine pool water, they often panic. This results in over-application of algaecide. Sometimes the amount needed is miscalculated and added. Either way, the result is the same.
Too much algaecide in a pool results in water that is full of tiny foaming bubbles which can damage the filtration system. Too much algaecide can also cause eye and skin irritation. It is recommended to stay out of the water until the algaecide concentration dissipates.
While the over-application of algaecide is a common reaction to the growth of algae in the pool, it is an avoidable mistake. Algaecide is not meant for routine treatment, and is in-fact, not the best or most efficient way to remove an algae bloom.
What to Do After Over-Application of Algaecide
When it comes to algaecide, more is not better. Too much algaecide saturates the water, making it overall less effective. This is the opposite effect than the pool owner is hoping to achieve.
There are two ways to treat this problem:
- Allow the algaecide to dissipate which should only take a 2-3 days
- Replace some of the water and start over
Too much algaecide is very irritating to skin and eyes. It is important to not allow sensitive users to swim in the water until this situation is remedied.
Removing the Algaecide
The easiest way to remedy the situation is to keep up on regular chlorine treatments, and let the algaecide naturally dissipate through the pool filtration system. Be aware that if the situation has caused excessive amounts of small bubbles, this may damage the filtration system.
Allowing the algaecide to naturally dissipate will normally take 2 to 3 days but could take over a week. For many pool owners, this is not an acceptable option, especially since this situation tends to occur during peak pool-use season. To speed this up you should regularly use a net to skim off as much of any foam that may be floating on the pool surface.
Alternatively, the pool owner can choose to drain part of the water and then refill the pool, achieving a greater dilution of the algaecide and starting over with shock treatments and pH balancing. This is a more labor intensive solution but it will open the pool for swimming much more quickly than waiting for dissipation.
Removing algaecide foam
The foam should disappear after a few days once the algaecide levels go down. If you are having friends over to swim so need the foam to disappear quickly then you can use an anti foam agent such as Pool & Spa Anti Foam Defoamer Concentrate.
Preventing Algaecide Foam
One of the best ways of ensuring you don’t get algaecide foam is to only use algaecide if you actually have algae in your pool. Many people add it believing that if you use it regularly then it will prevent algae from growing. This may be true but if the algaecide has nothing to work on it will just build up in the pool and foam is likely to occur.
Another way to prevent it is to use a non-copper algaecide such as In The Swimming Pool Algaecide 560 Plus which is non-foaming.
Causes of Algae Bloom
There are multiple causes of swimming pool algae bloom:
- It has just been opened after the winter
- The chemical levels are not balanced
- Algae has been introduced from elsewhere
One cause of algae infestation is that the pool has been closed up over the winter. The algae have been quietly moving in during the off-season. The weather warms up, and the cover is removed letting in sunlight. That sunlight encourages an algae bloom.
It is always recommended to treat the pool with the recommended amount of algaecide before closing it up for the season. This helps keep algae colonies in check during the winter months.
Still, it is assumed that there will be at least some algae in the pool water when it’s opened in the summer. The pool is shocked with chlorine and treated with an algaecide as part of the preparation for summertime pool fun.
However, during the summer months there are multiple causes for algae growth.
One is a lapse in pool testing and upkeep.
The proper dosing of chlorine effectively checks the growth of the most common types of algae. However, when the chlorine levels are allowed to dip, whether through neglect or during a vacation, it creates a prime environment for algae growth.
As the algae bloom begins to take over the pool, it further disrupts the pH and sanitation chemical balance, making the environment perfect for its own growth and replication.
Another cause of algae infestation is introduction of algae from elsewhere. If the pool owner has visitors over to swim in the pool, their swim clothing may carry algae from other pools or natural bodies of water, which start an infestation.
When the swimwear and pool toys are used in natural bodies of water, it must be assumed that they are now carrying algae that will try to infest the pool water.
Prevent Algae From Moving In
The key to algae bloom prevention is cleaning. The cleaner the pool and the stuff that goes into it is kept, the less likely algae will be present.
- Launder all garments frequently
- Launder all towels frequently
- Clean and disinfect all pool toys
All garments and towels that have been used in a different pool, or in a natural body of water must be thoroughly laundered and double rinsed in the warmest water that can be tolerated by the fabric.
Often pool owners believe that because they’re using their own swimwear only in their own pool, that they don’t need to launder as often. This is not necessarily the case. As the swimwear is drying, it is being exposed to various spores and bacteria in the air. These find warm, wet swimwear to be a perfect breeding ground.
Even when the swimwear is dry, those bacteria and spores are sitting and waiting for rehydration. If they aren’t laundered off before the next use, they’re floating around in the warm, sunny pool water, happily reproducing.
Laundry prevents Algae
So, the best thing every pool owner can do is to launder all swimwear and towels often. If this is laborious, consider having a collection of swimwear for each pool user. Require that they use a fresh swimsuit and towel for each day, and then launder all of the swimwear and towels at once. Your pool will be much more clear for longer.
All pool toys must be sanitized thoroughly with bleach water or another bleach-based cleanser. Pay careful attention to plastic seams and the areas around inflation valves. These areas can easily harbor algae and other bacteria, and are difficult to clean.
The same thorough cleaning should happen during the season even if the pool toys never leave home. Same as with the swimwear and towels, the plastic seams on pool toys remain moist and warm for a long time as the toys dry. This creates a perfect breeding ground for algae and bacteria.
How to Treat an Algae Bloom
The best way to treat an algae bloom is not to use an algaecide. This is the top-of-mind treatment for algae bloom, which often leads to over treatment of the water. This is not the best way to rid the pool of the algae.
The best treatment involves:
- Pool Shock
The first thing to do is vacuum the pool manually. Ideally you should vacuum using the waste setting, rather than on filter. In that way the algae that is vacuumed will be expelled from the pool rather than going through the filter and perhaps passing back into the pool.
Vacuuming can take a long time, which is why many pool owners resort to algaecide first. Robotic pool vacuums are not sufficiently robust to detach algae growths from pool surfaces. To get it done right, the pool owner needs to take a couple of hours and get it done by hand.
Brush or scrape down all the sides of the pool, paying special attention to the ladder, around filter boxes and water inlets. Look for cracks and crevices where algae can hide out and bloom later.
Vacuum all areas of the pool, paying special attention to shady areas and discolored areas where the algae is clearly taking hold.
When the entire pool and all equipment has been thoroughly vacuumed and brushed, it is time to apply pool shock, according to the package directions.
You may need to use up to 4 times the amount of chlorine to shock the pool. Also, because sunlight dissipates chlorine quickly, always shock in the evening or overnight to get the full effect of the chlorine disinfectant.
Finally, after chlorine shocking the pool, allow the filter to run continuously for at least 8 hours or until the water is clear. Be sure to clean the filter with a sanitizing cleanser. Unsanitized filter systems can be the culprit of repeat algae blooms.
Check water levels and add balancing chemicals as needed. They will be way out of balance after the algae bloom and subsequent treatments.
Pool ownership is a lot of fun, but it is undoubtedly a lot of work. It is best to keep up on the chemicals, and ensure that the water is receiving enough chlorine at all times. This avoids the problem of large algae blooms. However, every pool owner is bound to experience this problem from time to time.
The best solution is always to clean the algae up thoroughly and start over. This is a lot of work, but results in a usable, sparkling pool much sooner. Using a large amount of algaecide will further exacerbate the problem, and ultimately cause more work for the pool owner.
My top 3 pool cleaning tools
These are the pool cleaning tools I have found the most useful since I have had my pool.
Step and corner vacuum brush
This is a really useful tool for getting into the areas that a standard vacuum head simply cannot reach. Aquatix Pro Pool Step & Corner Vacuum Brush
Leaf rake net
If, like me, you get plenty of leaves at the bottom on your pool then a good leaf rake/net is a must. The Stargoods Pool Skimmer Net gets under the leaves easily.
Robotic Pool Cleaner
These are quite expensive and it was a number of years before I bit the bullet and bought one. I have never regretted it. The Dolphin Nautilus CC Plus is the most recommended on all of the pool forums.