What happens if your pool pump breaks and you can’t fix it, or it breaks over a holiday when no techs can make a house call? Just how long can your pool go without a pump and still be ok to swim in?
A pool can only go a short time without a pump, perhaps up to a week, and still be safe to swim in provided you keep the chlorine and other levels up. This time will vary depending on things such as temperature, the weather and how clean the pool was when the pump stopped etc.
If it is likely to be more than a week before the pump can be fixed or replaced then you should stop swimming. You should continue to maintain the chemical balance as this will minimize the work needed after the the pump is working again.
Generally it is not a big problem if it takes some time to be fixed or replaced, provided you will not be swimming in it after a week, and you certainly shouldn’t need to empty the pool and refill once the pump is restored.
After all, in many cold climates, pools are kept full, or just emptied a little, when being closed for the winter and the pump is switched off for months. When the pool is reopened in the spring, even if the pool has gone green over winter, then it only takes a week or so of chlorine treatment and running the filter to restore the health of the water.
What happens to a pool when the pump is broken?
A pool pump is an important part of the system that helps to keep your pool clean and clear, but what happens to a pool when the pump stops working?
When the pump stops working then:
- the water no longer passes through the filter so dirt, dust and other debris is not filtered out
- the skimmers stop working so any floating debris such as leaves and bugs are not removed from the surface of the water
- the pool chemicals are no longer circulated around the pool
- With little or no movement in the water algae will find it easier to grow
How to keep a pool clean without a pump
These are some of the things that you can do to keep your pool clean in the short term without a pump:
- Shock your pool with pool shock to ensure the chlorine levels are correct.
- Brush the sides of the pool more frequently than normal, so perhaps every day, to prevent algae build-up.
- Skim the top of the water daily, or even more frequently, to remove bugs, leaves, bird droppings, and other debris.
- Shock the water by using 3 to 5 times the amount of chlorine you would normally use. You will have to stir the water to make sure it is being distributed throughout the entire pool.
- Test the chemical stability of your pool water daily while the pool pump is not running.
- If you have a robotic pool cleaner then use it daily while the pool pump is not running. Not only will it clean any debris in the pool but most robotic pool cleaners actually move a considerable amount of water as they work so that will help to distribute chemicals around the pool..
By doing all of these things, you can help to keep your pool fairly clean in the short term without having a pump.
Is it safe to swim in pool with broken pump?
Ideally I would suggest waiting until everything is fixed but if you are experiencing a big heat wave then perhaps that is something you, or your family, may find unacceptable.
It is safe to swim in the short term, perhaps a week, provided you keep the chlorine levels up using chlorine shock in liquid or powder form. Make sure you dissolve the powder in water and then walk around the pool pouring it in, trying to distribute it as evenly as possible.
The other pool water levels should also be monitored using test strips or other methods to ensure the pH, alkalinity etc are correct, with chemicals added where necessary.
How to circulate pool water without a pump
If your pool pump has broken then the water in your pool will just sit there without moving which is certainly not good for the water quality. Then when you add chemicals they are not going to get mixed around the pool like they would normally.
So if it will be more than a few days before your pool pump is fixed or replaced then you can try these methods to help circulate the water to some extent at least.
This is probably the most effective method to help circulate the water. Just connect up a hose to the submersible pump, drop it into the deep end of the pool and arrange the other end of the hose so that it will empty the water just above the surface in the shallow end. This way water will be pulled from the bottom of the deep end and back into the shallow end causing a water flow. You can move both the pump and the hose around at regular intervals to achieve better water flow.
Robotic pool cleaner
If you have one of these then I would recommend running it every days as not only will it clean the pool, of cousre, but it will also go a long way to help circulate the water.
If you have neither a submersible pump or a robotic pool cleaner then do whatever you can to try and move the water around, particularly if you are adding chemicals which need to be dispersed. This can include swishing the water with a pool brush, clean garden shovel or spade or, if you have one, a paddle from a canoe, kayak etc.
Consider replacing with a variable speed pump
If the diagnosis is that your pool pump needs to be replaced then you should take that opportunity to consider fitting a variable speed pool pump as a replacement.
Although they are more expensive, having a variable speed pool pump will save you money in the long run since when it is running at a lower speed it will consume less electricity. In many instances savings are in excess of 50% so even with the increased cost of buying the pump initially it is easy to see that this cost will soon be recovered.
The generally accepted best variable speed pump is the Pentair 011028 IntelliFlo Variable Speed Pool Pump which can save up to 90% over standard pumps. It is quite a large investment but will pay for itself over time.
Pool Maintenance Course
When I first bought my house with a swimming pool I knew nothing about how to clean and maintain it. I was recommended Swim University’s Pool Care Handbook and video course so I bought it and have never regretted it.
It was probably the best money I spent that year as I have saved thousands by doing it myself.